Tetanus in Horses
Caused by the bacterium clostridium tetani which is an anaerobic organism (does not like oxygen) and is prevalent in soil.
Puncture wounds, dental wounds and foot penetrating wounds carry a significant risk.
The damaging factor is a neuro-toxin produced by the organism.
Protruding third eyelid (membrane at the inner corner of the eye)
Extension and stiffness of the limbs
Spasm of larynx, diaphragm and intercostal (rib) muscles
Enhanced reaction to loud sounds, bright light or touch
Spasm of jaw muscles (lock jaw)
Death due to respiratory failure
Administration of large doses of tetanus antitoxin either intravenously or directly into cerebrospinal fluid (within the spinal canal).
Tetanus vaccination is a highly effective preventative measure.
Frequency depends on the vaccine used.
Primary vaccination course of 2
2nd Vaccination after 4-6 weeks
Booster vaccinations given every 1-3 years, depending on the vaccine used
Duvaxyn - every year
Prequenza - every 2 years
Proteque - every year
Equip - every 3 years
Vaccination offers good protection